replacement for sand in reinforced concrete in india -

  • Concrete without sand? - India, South Asia

    Back in India, a study carried out by the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) has also shown that copper slag can be used as a partial replacement for sand as fine aggregate in concrete up to 40 per cent in pavement grade concrete without any loss of cohesiveness and the compressive and flexural strength of such concretes is about 20 per cent higher than that of

  • Indian Standards for alternative materials to natural sand ...

    India, the use of slag - a ... crushed over-burnt bricks and tiles - waste from clay brick and tile industry, in plain cement concrete as an alternative to sand/natural aggregate, subject to fulfilling ... Portland cement in plain as well as reinforced cement concrete. This part replacement could be of the order of 35% and 70% ...

  • What are the Materials for Replacement of Sand in Concrete ...

    What are the Materials for Replacement of Sand in Concrete? Home Construction Tips / By happhoadmin7. A concrete mix necessarily contents cement, water, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate. Aggregate occupy about 60 – 70% volume of concrete. In this percentage 40 to 50 % proportion of aggregate is fine aggregate (sand).

  • Replacement of Steel Reinforcement with Glass Fiber ...

    07-06-2019 · Replacement of Steel Reinforcement with Glass Fiber Reinforcement ... Maharashtra, India. Abstract:- Concrete plays a vital role as construction material in this world. But, there are certain limitations for use of concrete material like brittleness, poor tensile strength, ... Sand, which is locally available on river are used.

  • Replacement of Cement in Concrete

    Replacement of Cement in Concrete P. Vipul Naidu1 and Pawan Kumar Pandey2 ... Quantity and spacing of reinforcement and technique used for transportation, placing and compaction. ... From the quantities of water and cement per unit volume of concrete and the percentage of sand already determined in steps 6 and 7 above, ...

  • AN EXPERIMENTAL LABORATORY STUDY ON UTILISATION OF E ...

    India is the 5th highest e-waste producer in the world. ... Keywords: E-waste, M-Sand, Fine aggregate replacement, Concrete, ... reinforcement in concrete to enhance the tensile properties. The results show that optimum mix of ...

  • Introduction to Quarry-Dust as Partial Replacement ...

    19-05-2020 · In one more investigation where natural sand is replaced 100% with quarry dust to study the physical properties, mechanical properties and durability of concrete made by quarry dust with done by R. Ilangovana , N. Mahendrana and K. Nagamanib [7].Mix design has been developed for M20, M30 and M40 grade of concrete for both conventional concrete and

  • Use of Quarry Dust to Replace Sand in Concrete – An ...

    Two grades of concrete M20 and M25 having nominal mix proportion of 1:1.5:3 and 1:1:2 respectively were used by weight and w/c ratio was fixed according to the slump requirement of 60mm. For this concrete mix, quarry dust was added for

  • Concrete without sand? - India, South Asia

    Back in India, a study carried out by the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) has also shown that copper slag can be used as a partial replacement for sand as fine aggregate in concrete up to 40 per cent in pavement grade concrete without any loss of cohesiveness and the compressive and flexural strength of such concretes is about 20 per cent higher than that of

  • India looks at using plastic waste as a partial ...

    02-01-2019 · Around 15 Mt of plastic waste are dumped every day in India, yet the local construction industry is running short of sand. The situation led to Anglo-Indian research on using plastic waste as a partial replacement for sand in structural concrete.

  • AN EXPERIMENTAL LABORATORY STUDY ON UTILISATION OF E ...

    India is the 5th highest e-waste producer in the world. ... Keywords: E-waste, M-Sand, Fine aggregate replacement, Concrete, ... reinforcement in concrete to enhance the tensile properties. The results show that optimum mix of ...

  • Use of Quarry Dust to Replace Sand in Concrete – An ...

    Two grades of concrete M20 and M25 having nominal mix proportion of 1:1.5:3 and 1:1:2 respectively were used by weight and w/c ratio was fixed according to the slump requirement of 60mm. For this concrete mix, quarry dust was added for

  • Using plastic waste to help solve sand shortages - BBC News

    18-07-2021 · Dr Orr reckons that if using plastic in making concrete were adopted across India it could save 820m tonnes of sand a year. At the same time, other research is being done into using other waste ...

  • IS 5525 (1969): Recommendations for detailing of ...

    ls:5525-1!&9 Indian Standard RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DETAILING OF REINFORCEMENT IN REINFORCED CONCRETE WORKS 0. FOREWORD 0.1 This Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 22 December 1969, after the draft finalized by the Joint Sectional Com-

  • New Construction Materials for Modern Projects

    Concrete Design and Construction Practices today are strength driven. Concrete grades up to M80 are now being used for highrise buildings in India. However, due to escalation in the repair and replacement costs, more attention is now being paid to durability issues.

  • Strength properties of bamboo and steel reinforced ...

    01-10-2017 · In this study, bamboo strips were used as reinforcement in a concrete that was made with supplementary cementitious materials and partial replacement of river sand with manufactured sand (m-sand). Cement was partially replaced by 25% of combination of admixtures such as fly ash and Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS).

  • Eco-concrete for sustainability: utilizing aluminium dross ...

    18-09-2017 · Emphasis on utilizing the industrial waste/discarded materials can be brought about by discovering innovative methods of disposal. One such a way of waste disposal can be through utilizing them in concrete production as a filler material or pozzolana. In this regard, the present study proposes to use the aluminium dross and granular iron slag as partial replacement

  • Activated fly ash cements: tolerable limit of replacement ...

    Corrosion behaviour of reinforced steel in concrete with ground limestone partial cement replacement Authors: Ahmed M. Diab , Ali A. Aliabdo , Ismail A. Mohamed Source: Magazine of Concrete Research, Volume 67, Issue 14 , 1 Jul 2015 (747–761)

  • Compressive and Flexural Strength Property Enhancement for ...

    Compressive and Flexural Strength Property Enhancement for Fibre Reinforced M30, M50 and M80 Grade Concrete Using Foundry Sand (FS) and Crushed Concrete Waste (CCW) Now days, many research works are carried for all grades of concrete to make the concrete most economical and durable there by adding the supplementary cementitious materials and

  • 5 Eco-Friendly Alternative Aggregates for Concrete!

    21-11-2020 · Glass can be used as a replacement to fine aggregates in concrete. It is broken down into a sieve size of #8 and #4. Few studies produced washed glass sand to gain the Fineness Modulus of natural sand. Cement, coarse aggregates, and glass aggregates are the constituents of this green concrete form.

  • Important Thumb Rules For Estimation In Civil Engineering

    26-12-2020 · Must Read: How to calculate steel weight for Reinforcement. Example calculation: Steel quantity = Volume of Concrete x Density of Steel x % of Steel. For example, if a volume of concrete 1 m 3 for a slab. Approx Steel requirement = 1 x 7850 x 1% = 78.5 Kg/m 3. Read: Bar bending Shape codes. Thumb rule for shuttering work

  • Corrosion in Concrete Reinforcement & Repairs to Corroded ...

    18-02-2017 · Repairs to Corroded Reinforced Concrete structures: For inspection, it is necessary to expose the corroded locations up to such an extent that these locations can be seen through naked eye. First step in treatment of rusting on reinforcement is cleaning of rust with the wire brush. After cleaning, tamp the surface with hammer having the weight ...

  • Lintel – Home Construction In India

    19-09-2016 · 1. Reinforced cement concrete lintels. a. Concrete Lintel at Home Depot (48 in. x 8 in. x 3 in.) At present, the lintels of R.C.C are widely used to span the openings for doors, windows, etc. in a structure because of their strength, rigidity, fire resistance, economy and ease in

  • RCC concrete slab construction cost per sq ft in india ...

    RCC concrete slab construction cost per sq ft in india, in this article we know about RCC construction cost per square feet, concrete cost per square feet, RCC cost per square feet and estimation of Steel cement, sand and aggregate including labour and shuttering charges which are required in RCC structural work for slab, beam and column according to Thumb Rule Steel

  • Experimental Investigation on Jute Fibre Reinforced ...

    Plastic waste is the major cause of environmental pollution and hence it should be recycled or reused to reduce it. Plastic wastes are used as fine aggregate in a severalquantities in the jute fibre reinforced concrete and check their aptness. This study investigates the effect of using plastic waste as an alternative for fine aggregate. The PET plastic bottle is injurious to land

  • India looks at using plastic waste as a partial ...

    02-01-2019 · Around 15 Mt of plastic waste are dumped every day in India, yet the local construction industry is running short of sand. The situation led to Anglo-Indian research on using plastic waste as a partial replacement for sand in structural concrete.

  • Performance evaluation of E-waste and Jute Fibre ...

    01-01-2021 · In order to find the optimum percentage of JF, the CS, STS and FS test were conducted as per the standards and their values of the trial mixes F0.5, F1 and F2 were compared. The Fig. 6 represents the results of the JF reinforced concrete in comparison to the CM concrete. The Fig. 6 indicates that the trial mix F1 results in a higher 7 and 28 days STS

  • Life-Cycle Assessment of High-Strength Concrete Mixtures ...

    02-01-2019 · The substitution of up to 40–50% CS as a sand replacement in concrete mixtures yielded comparable compressive, tensile, and flexural strengths to that of the concrete mixture with 100% sand . Since this paper uses the concrete mix designs from Wu et al. [ 31 ] in LCA calculations, it is essential to provide a brief background on strength properties of mixes with